Peter Gray, professor of psychology at Boston College, a rédigé sur son blog Freedom to learn, associé au site Psychology Today, un article sur l’intérêt des jeux vidéo pour le développement des fonctions cognitives des enfants, et revient en particulier sur le potentiel de ces outils pour l’apprentissage.
Son article interroge tout d’abord les jeux vidéo comme outils légitimes pour l’apprentissage au cœur d’une société numérique. Il revient ensuite sur les études menées, plus ou moins partiales, pointant du doigt les risques liés aux jeux, avant de s’intéresser au média même, et en particulier aux jeux de rôles en ligne.
If you look into the actual research literature, you find very little if any evidence supporting the fear-mongers claims, and considerable evidence against those claims. In fact, systematic surveys have shown that regular video-game players are, if anything, more physically fit, less likely to be obese, more likely to also enjoy outdoor play, more socially engaged, more socially well-adjusted, and more civic minded than are their non-gaming peers. A large-scale study in four cities in Holland showed–contrary to what I assume was the initial hypothesis–that kids who had a computer and/or a television set in their own room were significantly more likely to play outside than were otherwise similar kids who didn’t have such easy and private access to screen play. A study by the Pew Research Center concluded that video games, far from being socially isolating, serve to connect young people with their peers and to society at large. Other research has documented, qualitatively, the many ways that video games promote social interactions and friendships. Kids make friends with other gamers, both in person and online. They talk about their games with one another, teach one another strategies, and often play together, either in the same room or online.
L’ensemble de son texte est disponible à cette adresse : http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/freedom-learn/201201/the-many-benefits-kids-playing-video-games
Crédit image : Sam & Max Hit the Road (LucasArts)